Argentina has followed Mexico’s lead and decriminalized the consumption and possession of small amounts of narcotics.

As reported by the Associated Press (August 25, 2009) the Argentine Supreme Court made a decision that struck down a law regarding prison sentences for the possession of small amounts of drugs for personal use. The ruling was issued in a case involving a group of young men who had been caught in possession of several joints.

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The court reached their ruling after taking into account a passage from the Argentine Constitution which states that, “each adult individual is sovereign to make free decisions about the lifestyle he or she desires without the state’s being able to interfere in that ambit.” Within the text of the court’s official ruling, the unanimous decision of the cabinet members urged that, “It is not acceptable to penalize private conduct that does not cause danger or damage to third parties.”

This decision is in concordance with previous statements made by Argentine President Christina Fernandez de Kirchner. President Fernandez has been encouraging the Argentine National Congress to pass similar legislation for well over a year now. The Congress has been awaiting this Supreme Court decision before moving forward with its own actions.

Although the draft of the upcoming legislation has not yet been made public, it is expected that the new law will involve two principal legal shifts. First, the possession and consumption of small amounts of narcotics will be decriminalized. In exchange, the government will publicly fund drug treatment programs for minor offenders and addicts, much like other nations, including the Netherlands and Spain. Second, by freeing up enforcement and judicial authorities from the persecution of minor offenders, this legislation will likely mandate the more forceful prosecution of drug traffickers. President Fernandez has stated that congressional action should be anticipated before year’s end.